The Republic was a “wonderful dream turned into a happy reality,” said Manuel Bartolomé Cossío weeks after its proclamation. “The Republic is the work of the people,” wrote Gonzalo Queipo de Llano, then Captain General of Madrid. He arrived with “mass enthusiasm and overflowing enthusiasm”, in a “drunken enthusiasm,” recalled Valeriano Orobón Fernández, anarcho-syndicalist delegate at the International Workers’ Association.
The people, that collective protagonist to whom everyone appealed, celebrated it. Everyone was in the street that April 14, 1931. In reality, the people of Madrid, Barcelona and the main cities of Spain had been celebrating the triumph of the republican-socialist candidacies in the municipal elections for two days. The crowd took to the streets singing the Hymn of Irrigation and La Marseillaise. There were men, many women, workers, students and professionals. The middle class “threw itself towards the Republic” in the face of the “disorientation of the conservative elements,” wrote José María Gil-Robles a few years later. In the video that accompanies this news you can see the images of the celebrations that turn 90 years old today.